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HTML Fundamental

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HTML Fundamental
Intro
Doggo's friends are very far in the space, and he can't visit and chat with all of them. Nevertheless, SpaceDoggo wants to share his travel memories with other doggos, so he decides to create a simple blog online. 

He has done some serious research on web development and how to put his creative work online in a professional manner. He knows there are tools to put his stories online, but he is a geek and wants to understand how things work from inside.

He found out that HTML and CSS are the most appropriate tools for his website. HTML, HyperText Markup Language, is a programming language used for creating websites and applications. It gives content structure and meaning.
CSS, or Cascading Style Sheets, is a presentation language

HTML Document Structure

Witty Doggo realizes that to deliver and manage his message clearly, his website needs some structure.
All HTML documents have a required structure that includes the following declaration with opening and closing elements:

  • <!DOCTYPE html>
  • <html>
  • <head>
  • <body>
What is HTML?

HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language
Amarkup language is not a programming language. It’s purpose is physical markup and not logic or decision making.
HTML works on sets of tags such as the heading tag <h1></h1>.
Usually, tags have to have both opening and closing tags but with certain versions of HTML such as XHTML, some tags do not need a closing tag. The image tag is an example, <img/>


HTML History Timeline


Nov 1995 – HTML 2.0 was published as  IETF RFC 1866
Jan 1997 – HTML 3.2 was published as W3C recommendation
Dec 1997 – HTML 4.0 was published as W3C recommendation
Dec 1999 – HTML 4.01 was published as W3C recommendation
In the 2000s, other reformulated languages were published including XHTML, XML and DHTML
HTML5 was a candidate recommendation of the W3C in Dec of 2012. HTML5 is becoming a popular standard with its line of new features and better markup structure

Document Structure



Common Tags
•Headings: <h1></h1> through <h6></h6>
•Paragraph: <p></p>
•Image: <img />
•Line Break: <br />
•Unordered List: <ul></ul>
•Ordered List: <ol></ol>
•List Tags: <li></li>

NEW HTML5 TAGS
•Header: <header></header>
•Footer: <footer></footer>
•Sidebar: <aside></aside>
•Navigation: <nav></nav>
•Section: <section></section>

New HTML5 Features

•GeoLocation
•Web Storage
•AppCache
•Canvas
•SVG
•Audio and Video Support

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